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Some thoughts on Japanese Education

Cập nhật: 10/06/2015 - 15:58
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By the end of 2013, I had the opportunity to put the student delegation of 28 students to experience academic exchanges with Japanese students. When I was back home I asked myself why does every Japanese so consciously abide by the law, sense for the community, why are they so good? Can Vietnam do this? And where should we start from?

 

After two weeks in Japan, everyone in the group noticed that: First, about the observance of the Law: Whether in Tokyo or Hirosyma or any other city, or the tourist sites, the streets are extremely clean , and there is not a single drop of water that flows from organizations and household to the streets (white shirt remains clean all day). Not to mention about traffic law enforcement, where the traffic light is placed , even in a small, less traveled alley, people still honestly stop at the red light; When lining up to visit the amusement parks in Disney land, you can see how great Japaneses are, without police and order, no one barges anyone, and nobody pass the nylon rope (if they do, they may pass 300 people);

Secondly, the sense of community: When entering the elevator, if there are Japaneses, whether familiar or strange, they still hold the open button for everyone to get in, and they are the last one to enter, if it's too crowded, they're willing to go next time; same as exiting elevator, if the Japaneses stand near the open button, they always hold it, for everyone to get out and they're the last ones; When welcoming the Vietnam pupils to their home (the children have 2.5 days of homestay program), the Japanese parents were delighted, enthusiastic, openness as if they welcome their loved ones (look on the fan, piece of cardboard... with the inscription written in Vietnamese by their own, hand-drawing motifs to see the sincerity of the Japanese, when receiving the children to their house). When parting with the children at the school, many Japanese mothers were brimming. The 28 pupils were very touched by the attention and care of Japanese mothers, many of them and the mothers wept and hugged each other of regret at parting.

Third, about labor education for high school students: the General education is similar to Vietnam: General education lasts 12 years, from grade 1 to 12 (6 to 17 years old)

Difference: Japan uses the model: 6-3-3 ( 6-year Primary school, 3-year junior high school, 3 years high school); Vietnam uses the model: 5-4-3 (5 years Primary school, 4 years junior high school, 3 years high school);

Their labor education for students is totally different with Vietnam: Instead of janitors or custodians, Japanese schools had the students clean up the classrooms.; I have brought the students delegation to exchange and learn 1 day in Showa Girls Secondary School in Tokyo: the children also learned 8 lessons / day ( 4 lessons in the morning, 2 lessons and 2 labor lessons in the afternoon ).

The pupils also make lunch, and divide into meals for their friends. (the classes make lunch alternately).

In the afternoon, following the first two lessons is the break time and dressing to clean classrooms and school (Each student has 01 cabinet for clothing and workwear). At these time, they govern and assign works on their own : wiping the floor, wiping the furnitures , wiping the glasses , wiping the stairs, pruning, watering plants, sweeping the schoolyard, sanitizing... they do it voluntarily with good spirit. They finish the works, change clothes and go home at about 5 pm.

In the three issues mentioned above, talking about Japanese, I see that we must start from education : education in schools and education in families, but it is extremely important that these education basics must be consistent: at kindergarten, if the teachers teach children to be independent, then at home their parents and grandparents should not do things for them, if the teachers teach them about traffic law, then the parents should not pass the red light with them … if there's friction in the school, the teachers will guide the students, not to argue about  right or wrong but to see what mistake did they do, then to apologize their friends, then same at home, when there's friction between children, parents and grandparents also need to guide them like that, this is extremely meaningful to educate children about sense of community. Moreover, in Japan, the teachers often share with the parents the homogeneous issues in children's education, also in Japan, the mother has a very important role in educating the children's personality, especially the independent sense, sense of community, general hygiene and consciously abide by the rule. Japanese education is very practical, if the children is educated about labor sense, community sense at school, , it is not only about the theory like the slogan of "one for all", or "labor is glorious," but is also about doing anything for their friends, their teachers, their parents and their school.

I think, our country is still poor, the education of labor sense for student is needed (they will value somethings much more if they made it themselves), why the poor families have to pay the school to hire janitors, while their children can possibly do it on their own. At school they littering carelessly, as there are people to clean it up, then at home they're pampered, as the parents do not ask they to do anything other than learning. If it's going that way, when will the students love labor, when will they appreciate the products made by their own labour. What's the point of having career guidance, vocational training at school while they don't even love labor. The educational reform has to change the basic of many contents, but certainly labor education for high school students must be changed both macro and micro, but the most important thing is how to reform, so that education in schools, education in families and education in society is a unified whole. 

(Dao Thinh)



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